Towards an understanding of the commercialization drivers of research findings in Iran

Towards an understanding of the commercialization drivers of research findings in Iran
درجه علمی نشریه: 
دوره: 
۱۰
شماره: 
۴
شماره صفحه (از - تا): 
۳۸۹-۳۹۹
چکیده

Taking a look at the performance of Iranian universities and research centers, one might notice that despite their Research and Development (R&D) capacities, most have fallen short in research commercialization, leaving them dependent on government funding.‎ Hence, certain mechanisms should be designed for facilitating successful research commercialization in Iran, beginning with the identification of its drivers.‎ Existing commercialization models for developed countries are not necessarily applicable to a developing country such as Iran, which imports technologies and has little in the way of private sector investment in R&D.‎ As a result, the current study seeks to extract research commercialization drivers from the perspective of Iranian researchers and develop a model based on institutional and local contexts specific to Iran.‎ The study used an interpretive-qualitative approach based on three stages: documentary research, interviews and grounded theory.‎ First, an extensive review of the existing literature was conducted to identify the research commercialization drivers noted in previous studies.‎ From there, a theoretical saturation index was used and a total of 30 researchers who were familiar with the concepts of commercialization were selected and interviewed through a purposive sampling procedure.‎ The list of drivers compiled from the extant literature was then supplemented with their comments.‎ In the third stage, grounded theory was used to analyze the drivers and develop the conceptual model.‎ The results of the study revealed that the most important drivers of research commercialization in Iran are designing managerial mechanisms;‎ creating strategic alliances;‎ modifying the educational system;‎ improving the research structure;‎ modifying contextual factors;‎ creating supportive infrastructure;‎ and strengthening researchers’ positive characteristics.‎

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استناد: 

Namdarian, Leila, and Ali Naimi Sadigh.‎ 2018.‎ Towards an understanding of the commercialization drivers of research findings in Iran.‎ African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development ۱۰ (۴): ۳۸۹-۳۹۹.

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